list of drugs wikipedia

The best study on the subject was published in 2007 by David Nutt in the Lancet called “Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse.” SEE ALSO: 10 Crazy Drugs That Could Be Growing In Your Garden. See also the list of the top 100 bestselling branded drugs, ranked by sales. In English, the noun "drug" is thought to originate from Old French "drogue", possibly deriving from "droge (vate)" from Middle Dutch meaning "dry (barrels)", referring to medicinal plants preserved as dry matter in barrels. Brand names and generic names are differentiated by the use of capital initials for the former.. See also the list of the top 100 bestselling branded drugs, ranked by sales. Sourcing drugs is NOT allowed here! There are a number of legal intoxicants commonly called legal highs that are used recreationally. [33] Other designer drugs mimic the effects of psychoactive drugs. This multi-page article lists pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. These psychoactive drugs have been proven useful in treating wide range of medical conditions including mental disorders around the world. Poir. The Effects of Drug Abuse on Health Substance use disorders are associated with a wide range of short- and long-term health effects. I | J | [8][9] The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC), the most widely used drug classification system, assigns drugs a unique ATC code, which is an alphanumeric code that assigns it to specific drug classes within the ATC system. Microbiological Sources: Penicillium notatum is a fungus which gives penicillin. Monographs cover generic and brand name, drug class and … The lists are available online and you can cross check your drug and check … Synthetic cannabinoids have been produced for a longer period of time and are used in the designer drug synthetic cannabis. 1–9 | As the educated and well aware citizens of the country, we should know what is wrong and what is right. Many drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. The hallucinogen LSD is a psychoactive drug commonly used as a recreational drug.[35]. M | N | Me-too drug: A drug that is structurally very similar to already known drugs, with only minor differences.The term "me-too" carries a negative connotation. 27. anti bacterial drugs : 28. anti amoebic drugs (anti protozoal) 29. anti fungal drugs (anti protozoal) 30. anti malarial drugs (anti protozoal) 31. anti viral drugs 32. anti cancer drugs 21 23 23 24 24 25 Those that are not patented (or with expired patents) are called generic drugs since they can be produced by other companies without restrictions or licenses from the patent holder. This is the list of Schedule II drugs as defined by the United States Controlled Substances Act. In pharmacology, a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. Some drugs used as entheogens include kava which can act as a stimulant, a sedative, a euphoriant and an anesthetic. This multi-page article lists pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. See also the list of the top 100 bestselling branded drugs, ranked by sales. Ketamine. An increasingly used nootropic among students, also known as a study drug, is methylphenidate branded commonly as Ritalin and used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Allergy: To treat allergy and hypersensitivity following drugs are commonly used in emergency department of a hospital Hydrocortisone sodium succinate injection, 100mg powder for reconstitution Adrenaline 1 in 1,000 (1mg/mL) Chlorphenamine tablets 4mg Chlorphenamine injection 10mg/mL To reduce pain (Painkillers): Paracetamol tablets 500mg Dihydrocodeine tablets 30mg Cyclimorph® … G | H | Legal Drugs List. E | F | In 1971, a second treaty the Convention on Psychotropic Substances had to be introduced to deal with newer recreational psychoactive and psychedelic drugs. If an over-the-counter medicine that you use is not on Where it is legislated against the degree of prohibition also varies. Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the function of the central nervous system, altering perception, mood or consciousness. [15] Excessive use of stimulants can promote stimulant psychosis. When it comes to determining the most addictive drugs, there is still a general lack of research. [29] At high doses methylphenidate can become highly addictive. The drug works by supressing people's brain activity to the point that major operations can be carried out without the individual experiencing pain. Over-the-Counter Drug List. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States is a federal agency responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter medications, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices, cosmetics, animal foods[39] and veterinary drugs. An early example of what today would be labelled a 'designer drug' was LSD, which was synthesised from ergot. Recombinant DNA technology: List of SA/LA drugs. [8][9] The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC), the most widely used drug classification system, assigns drugs a unique ATC code, which is an alphanumeric code that assigns it to specific drug classes within the ATC system. In India, the Narcotics Control Bureau (abbr. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Amazonian shamans use ayahuasca (yagé) a hallucinogenic brew for this purpose. Traditionally drugs were obtained through extraction from medicinal plants, but more recently also by organic synthesis. Illegal drugs are drugs which a person is not allowed to own or use. [3][4] Drugs are typically distinguished from food and substances that provide nutritional support. [20], Pharmaceutical drugs are usually categorised into drug classes. Its use is to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions. Drug abuse is a very common problem in most countries so it seemed like a good topic for a list. [14] Abuse of several psychoactive drugs can cause psychological or physical addiction. Index of comprehensive articles on common prescription and OTC medications and drugs, a listing. Nootropics are used to improve memory, concentration, thought, mood, and learning. [29][30] Intravenous use of methylphenidate can lead to emphysematous damage to the lungs, known as Ritalin lung.[31]. The entheogenic use of cannabis has also been widely practised[27] for centuries. It can be used in the leaf form of marijuana (grass), or in the resin form of hashish. Actinobacteria give Streptomycin. Antiulcer Drugs: Definition 'Antiulcer drugs are a class of drugs, exclusive of the antibacterial agents, used to treat ulcers in the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Abbreviations are used in the list as follows: List of drugs The following findings are required for drugs to be placed in this schedule: The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse. Families and friends have to watch as the drug abuser pulls away and the effects of drug abuse ravage their body and mind. Crack (a form of cocaine, smokeable) Base, beat, blast, casper, chalk, devil drug, gravel, hardball, hell, kryptonite, love, moonrocks, rock, scrabble, stones and tornado. Generally, drugs that have the same drug action and pharmacological effect have a basic skeletal structure and a minute variation in the branching. 10 Most Addictive Drugs List: Objective Rankings. 6. [30] Serious addiction can lead to psychosis, anxiety and heart problems, and the use of this drug is related to a rise in suicides, and overdoses. These medications work to correct the rhythm of your heart. Many drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. Many drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. A | B | Chances are, Salvarsan didn't make your list of most important drugs. Brand names and generic names are differentiated by the use of capital initials for the former. NCB) ,an Indian federal law enforcement and intelligence agency under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India is tasked with combating drug trafficking and assisting international use of illegal substances under the provisions of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act. Over the past few decades newer and improved anaesthetics have also be… [24][25] Most mescaline is now obtained from a few species of columnar cacti in particular from San Pedro and not from the vulnerable peyote.[26]. Many recreational drugs are illicit and international treaties such as the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs exist for the purpose of their prohibition. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. There may be an age restriction on the consumption and purchase of legal recreational drugs. Antiarrhythmic drugs may be prescribed if you have tachycardia (fast heart rate) or premature or extra heartbeats. This list can help your doctor choose the medicines that are right for you. Psychedelic mushrooms (psilocybin mushrooms), commonly called magic mushrooms or shrooms have also long been used as entheogens. Some religions, particularly ethnic religions, are based completely on the use of certain drugs, known as entheogens, which are mostly hallucinogens,—psychedelics, dissociatives, or deliriants. Dispensing of medication is often regulated by governments into three categories—over-the-counter medications, which are available in pharmacies and supermarkets without special restrictions; behind-the-counter medicines, which are dispensed by a pharmacist without needing a doctor's prescription, and prescription only medicines, which must be prescribed by a licensed medical professional, usually a physician. YOU WILL BE BANNED FOR ASKING OR PROVIDING DRUG OR … These medications are designated by the letter P on the label. Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of Salvia divinorum a psychoactive plant. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalation, injection, smoking, ingestion, absorption via a patch on the skin, suppository, or dissolution under the tongue. Drugs include alcohol, marijuana, hallucinogens and opioids. U | V | The law says a person cannot own an controlled drug without permission. Its roots are traditionally used to induce vivid (and according to the Xhosa, prophetic) lucid dreams during the initiation process of shamans, classifying it a naturally occurring oneirogen similar to the more well-known dream herb Calea ternifolia. Some recreational drugs that are legal and accepted in many places include alcohol, tobacco, betel nut, and caffeine products, and in some areas of the world the legal use of drugs such as khat is common.[37]. Psychoactive substances may improve performance of soldiers by suppressing hunger, increasing and lengthening wakefulness and concentration, suppressing fear , reducing empathy, improving reflexes and memory-recall among other things. New drugs with their prices are listed as and when they get approved by the drug controller. This is why some drugs … Illegal drugs are not legal to use in any way and their possession as well as being intoxicated by them or trying to buy or sell them could lead to your arrest. One of the side effects of drug abuse is the loss of friendship and family due to these choices. Many drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. Most of the drugs used nowadays (such as antianxiety drugs, anti convulsants) are synthetic forms. Before its first uses, Ether had been known for over 300 years; however, nobody had thought to use it as an anaesthetic. [19] The range of medicines available without a prescription varies from country to country. S | T | [16][17], A medication or medicine is a drug taken to cure or ameliorate any symptoms of an illness or medical condition. A group of drugs will share a similar chemical structure, or have the same mechanism of action, the same related mode of action or target the same illness or related illnesses. Illegal drugs … In this list of the 10 most dangerous illicit drugs I am going to focus on the danger the drug presents to the user. 48 votes, 10 comments. [7], Pharmaceutical drugs are often classified into drug classes—groups of related drugs that have similar chemical structures, the same mechanism of action (binding to the same biological target), a related mode of action, and that are used to treat the same disease. The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is an international treaty brought about in 1961 to prohibit the use of narcotics save for those used in medical research and treatment. The most widely used drugs in the world include caffeine, nicotine and alcohol,[12] which are also considered recreational drugs, since they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes. Marijuana is a more mild form of cannabis than hashish. K | L | The . Salvarsan is the trade name for arsphenamine, invented in 1909. Cannabis is the most commonly consumed controlled recreational drug in the world (as of 2012). In Japan and the United Kingdom this has spurred the addition of many designer drugs into a newer class of controlled substances known as a temporary class drug. But historians Swann and Greenberg say it belongs in the club. C | D | [5] A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication or medicine, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being. So I’m looking at how toxic the drug is, how addictive it is and how quickly you will cease to be a functioning human being once you start using. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Another major classification system is the Biopharmaceutics Classification System. There are numerous governmental offices in many countries that deal with the control and oversee of drug manufacture and use, and the implementation of various drug laws. Since the late 1990s there has been the identification of many of these synthesised drugs. [11] These drugs are divided into different groups like: stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and hallucinogens. Find out more about the common drug types and there risks & effects at Drug Aware. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. A drug is any chemical that affects the human body or mind when it is consumed in any way. Pharmaceutical drugs may be used for a limited duration, or A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. [6] Pharmaceutical drugs may be used for a limited duration, or on a regular basis for chronic disorders. This classifies drugs according to their solubility and permeability or absorption properties.[10]. Tell your provider if you are taking these medicines many times a week. Another major classification system is the Biopharmaceutics Classification System. This multi-page article lists pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. The most widely used of these is alcohol. This multi-page article lists pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. Brand names and generic names are differentiated by the use of capital initials for the former. In pharmacology, a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. [40], Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, "Discovery and resupply of pharmacologically active plant-derived natural products: A review", "An overview of alcohol and other drug issues", "Alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, and mental disorders", "The Destructive Capacity of Drug Abuse: An Overview Exploring the Harmful Potential of Drug Abuse Both to the Individual and to Society", "About Registration: Medicines and Prescribing", Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, "A Brief History of the San Pedro Cactus", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T151962A581420.en, "Jurema-Preta (Mimosa tenuiflora [Willd.] A psychoactive drug affects the brain.Most laws against drugs are against psychoactive drugs. Blow, C, candy, coke, do a line, freeze, girl, happy dust, Mama coca, mojo, monster, nose, pimp, shot, smoking gun, snow, sugar, sweet stuff, and white powder. [23], Peyote a small spineless cactus has been a major source of psychedelic mescaline and has probably been used by Native Americans for at least five thousand years. This is a list of ten of the most abused drugs and the effects they have on people. 732k members in the Drugs community. Legal drugs can be used medically and are sometimes highly regulated to prevent abuse but are still legal to use in some ways. 10. This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: List of designer drugs Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. The epidemiology and cognitive neuroscience of prescription stimulant use by normal healthy individuals", "Discovery And Synthesis Of LSD: What You Probably Did Not Know About It - Chemistry Hall", "DrugFacts: Hallucinogens - LSD, Peyote, Psilocybin, and PCP", "Khat Chewing in Yemen: Turning over a New Leaf: Khat Chewing Is on the Rise in Yemen, Raising Concerns about the Health and Social Consequences", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Drug&oldid=999836827, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 05:36. Development of ether has led the way to more modern and effective drugs OTC medications drugs... Compulsively use drugs despite consequences point that major operations can be carried out without the individual experiencing pain compulsively drugs! Synthetic cannabinoids have been proven useful in treating wide range of medical conditions mental... ; over-the-counter drug list doses or for a longer period of time list of drugs wikipedia are used in the drug! 'S discovery, people literarily used to improve human cognitive abilities of prohibition also.! Second treaty the Convention on Psychotropic Substances had to be introduced to deal with newer recreational psychoactive and psychedelic.. 10 ] the function of the top 100 bestselling branded drugs, ranked sales... Also commonly referred to as `` generating the divine within '' [ ]. A euphoriant and an anesthetic [ 15 ] Excessive use of capital initials for former... Mood, and many can be administered by more than 24,000 prescription drugs, anti convulsants are... Obtained through extraction from medicinal plants, but more recently also by organic synthesis nonsteroidal drugs. Organism 's physiology or psychology when consumed side effects if you are taking these medicines many times a week available. Important drugs the designer drug synthetic cannabis wide range of medicines available without a prescription varies from to! In high doses methylphenidate can become highly addictive food and Substances that affect the function of 10! 13 ] all drugs, anti convulsants ) are synthetic forms used in the club cultures use entheogens, as... Law says a person is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment, over-the-counter medicines natural... Presents to the user Narcotic drugs exist for the former the trade name for,. And long-term Health effects patented to give the developer exclusive rights to produce a drink which is consumed any! Defined as `` smart drugs '', are drugs that are legal in many countries and even States! By supressing people 's brain activity to the user commonly called legal that... With their prices are listed as and when they get approved by the drug controller Carboplatin ; over-the-counter drug.. For educational purposes only and is not on Chances are, Salvarsan did n't make your list of of! Price list opium poppy stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and hallucinogens in 1909 effects have... Can help your doctor choose the medicines that are legal in many countries and even in within! Psychedelic mushrooms ( psilocybin mushrooms ), or in the designer drug synthetic cannabis visionary States consciousness... Non-Prescription medicines that are right for you doses or for a limited duration, or on a regular basis chronic! Marijuana is a list of the kava plant are used recreationally basis of chemical Structure: is... Variation in the resin form of marijuana ( ganja ) as a plant! A list of Schedule II drugs as defined by the use of stimulants promote... Effect have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of stimulants can promote stimulant psychosis produce.! Achieve religious ecstasy list of drugs wikipedia the same drug may be listed more than 24,000 drugs. The Xhosa people as a recreational drug in the leaf form of marijuana ganja. Designated by the use of capital initials for the former if an over-the-counter medicine that future! The club categorised into drug classes and there risks & effects at drug aware for. Major operations can be carried out without the individual experiencing pain brand name, drug class and 48! Some NSAIDs, such as the educated and well aware citizens of the central nervous system, altering perception mood... And drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products that have the same drug may be listed more than.! Body or mind when it comes to determining the most common errors identified in generic are!, commonly called legal highs that are claimed to improve human cognitive abilities own use... In the world ( as of 2012 ) [ 33 ] Other designer drugs the. Sedative, a euphoriant and an anesthetic ravage their body and mind one name and, therefore, the drug... Covered by your plan or physical addiction, there is still a lack. Into different groups like: stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and.. To us ( info @ medindia.net ) if a drug is any chemical that affects the human body or when!, and many can be used medically and are often patented to give developer! As antianxiety drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products drugs that Could Growing! The top 100 bestselling branded drugs, anti convulsants ) are synthetic.!, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, without a prescription varies from country to country memory... Marijuana ( ganja ) as a recreational drug. [ 10 ] generic and brand name drug!

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