the night of the long knives bbc bitesize
On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was burned down. On 14 July 1933 all political parties except the Nazi Party were banned - this removed the need for elections and created a one-party state, On 24 April 1934, People's Courts were established - anyone accused of treason was to be tried by the courts' Nazi judges, SA leader Ernst Röhm was in charge of Hitler’s storm troops, opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party was wiped out, Hitler ensured the German army would be loyal to him, Nazi supporters were shown they were not safe if Hitler doubted their absolute loyalty, Growth of nationalism in Germany, 1815-1850, The degree of growth in German nationalism, Religious, moral and philosophical studies. You can set up to 7 reminders per week. This gave the Nazis control over workers. Many members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Röhm, were demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda and that the SA take over the army. By 1934, Hitler was in complete control as a result of these actions. This site contains the BBC listings information which the BBC printed in Radio Times between 1923 and 2009. The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA's leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past. The SA under the command of Ernst Röhm were a turbulent, uncontrollable and mutinous rabble who were braying for … Add to My Bitesize Add to My Bitesize. Before the March elections of that year he had been made Chancellor under President Paul von Hindenburg. In January 1933, leading a coalition government with only two other Nazis in the cabinet, Hitler was expected to only survive a short period as Chancellor. We'll email you at these times to remind you to study. Carried out primarily by the SS and the Gestapo, over 150 people were murdered and hundreds more were arrested. 30 June 1934 - 'Night of the Long Knives' The SA cause problems by demanding to take over the army. Soon afterwards Papen resigned as vice-chancellor and was sent as ambassador to Austria (1934-39) where he plotting successfully for the achievement of Anschluss . This formally made Hitler the absolute ruler of Germany. A history of the Night of the Long Knives that includes includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life. When President Hindenburg died of old age, Hitler unified the offices of President and Chancellor and became head of the German Army. He had already silenced those on the left such as the Social Democrats and the Communists, … We'll email you at these times to remind you to study. Read about our approach to external linking. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. After Hindenburg died, Hitler declared himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army. Lesson objectives with clear outcomes. BBC Two. Popular economic and foreign policies encouraged widespread support. Nazi economic, social and racial policy - WJEC, Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). 30 June 1934 – Night of the Long Knives. A-level - Life in Nazi Germany, 1933–1945 Read about our approach to external linking. Using the fire as an excuse, Hitler had the Communist Party banned after the March elections. They were under the control of Ernst Röhm, a loyal follower of Hitler since the early days of the Nazi Party. Fifty years ago Prime Minister Harold Macmillan shocked the nation by sacking … Feared as a rival by Hitler, he was murdered at the Führer’s order. Programme Explorer, Discover 208,701 radio and TV programmes from across the BBC, on BBC Sounds and iPlayer Rise of the Nazis Series 1 Night of the Long Knives. Kurt von Schleicher, German army officer, last chancellor of the Weimar Republic, an opponent of Adolf Hitler in 1932–33. A Dutch communist was accused of starting the fire. Germany GCSE History – Long Knives This is one of many lessons that I have uploaded on the history of Germany for GCSE pupils. Signed. SA, in the German Nazi Party, a paramilitary organization whose use of violent intimidation played a key role in Adolf Hitler’s rise to power. August 1965 there was a big riot in the Watts district of Los Angeles Under its leader Ernst Röhm, Hitler's storm troops, the SA, had grown powerful. We hope it helps you find information about that long forgotten BBC programme, research a particular person or browse your own involvement with the BBC. Search the BBC Search the BBC. Set your study reminders. Many members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Röhm, were demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda and that the SA take over the army. It was the most brutal cabinet reshuffle in British political history. GCSE Modern World History - Nazi Germany. Night of the Long Knives 30 June 1934. In August 1932 there were approximately 445,000 members of the SA. The Night of the Long Knives not only removed the SA leaders but also got Hitler the army’s oath that he so needed. The SA looked to take control of the army and members were involved in street violence. Hitler made the Nazis the only legal political organisation in the country, the other parties were banned or dissolved themselves, no-one could now challenge the Nazis legally - making opposition very dangerous, opponents of the Nazis now had to work in secret, In April 1933, the parliaments of the German states (Lander) were replaced by Nazi governors who could appoint and dismiss officials and judges. Monday Set Reminder-7 am + Tuesday Set Reminder-7 am + Joining the German military in 1900, Schleicher attached himself to the newly created Reichswehr in 1919 and by 1929 was a major general in charge of an office in the Reichswehr It also showed the rest of the world what a tyrant Hitler was. At about 10:30 am on 30 June 1934, out of a car parked on the street outside of Schleicher's villa (Griebnitzstrasse 4, Neubabelsberg near Potsdam ), a group of men wearing trench coats and fedoras emerged; they proceeded to walk up to Schleicher's home. Study Reminders . How did the Nazis consolidate their power between 1933 and 1934? A soldier from 1906, Röhm was wounded three times in World War I, during which he attained the rank of Twitter ... the Reichstag. This destroyed all opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party and gave power to the brutal SS. While the SA were dreaming about using their long knives against their hated enemies; the middle classes and the Reichswehr; it was the SS who actually used them in June 1934 to crush Ernst Röhm and his mutinous SA rabble once and for all.. Röhm’s SA was out of control. The result was that it was made Hitler the undisputed leader of the Nazis and by extension Germany. The Night of the Long Knives 1934. The German Labour Front was established in their place. 30 June 1934 - Night of the Long Knives SA leader Ernst Röhm was in charge of Hitler’s storm troops Under its leader Ernst Röhm, Hitler's storm troops, the SA, had grown powerful. We don’t know how true this was or whether it was set-up so Hitler had an “excuse” or justification for going after Rohm (similar to the Reichstag Fire being an excuse for going after the Communists) The Enabling Act (The Law for removing the Distress of the People and the Reich) gave Hitler the power to issue emergency decrees without the approval of President Hindenburg. Includes GCSE style Qs with markscheme and model answers. In 1934 leaders of the SS and the German army warned Hitler that Röhm was planning to seize power. He took the title of Führer (‘Leader’) and took on complete dictatorial powers. Night of the Long Knives, in German history, purge of Nazi leaders by Adolf Hitler on June 30, 1934. Starting on the night of the 30 June 1934, the Nazis removed their political opponents and paramilitary supporters in a single purge in what became known as the Night of the Long Knives. Full lesson on the Nazi Germany Night of the Long Knives. Night of the Long Knives. After suspending the Communists and using the SA to intimidate members of the other parties, Hitler had the two-thirds majority support in the parliament he needed to suspend the country's Constitution. Propaganda and social control kept the population in line. At the March elections the Nazi party was the largest single political party. Long-standing Liberal Democrat MP Charles Kennedy has described his loss of the Ross, Skye and Lochaber constituency as "the night of long sgian dubhs". Other political parties were banned; This removed any internal Nazi Party opposition to Hitler. Hitler could not afford to lose the support of the army or of businessmen, who felt threatened and were opposed to socialist reforms that the SA wanted. Other opponents such as the ex-Chancellor General von Schleicher, were also murdered. When the SA leadership threatened Hitler’s plans for the future of the Nazi Party, he had them murdered in a ‘Blood Purge’ known as the Night of the Long Knives … The Nazis crushed opposition through legal moves, fear and intimidation. June 1934, Hitler has been German chancellor for 17 months. Everything Everything - Night Of The Long Knives Everything Everything play their latest single Night Of The Long Knives on Annie Mac's Radio 1 show. During the riots of 1965-7 more than 130 people were killed and the damage caused came to more than $700million. By 1933 Hitler was a step closer to his goal of having complete control of Germany. Hitler had the Communist Party's 81 officials arrested. Papen and his allies were quickly marginalized by Hitler and he left the government after the Night of the Long Knives in 1934, during which the Nazis killed some of his confidants. Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts). On 30 June, the SS assassinated just under 100 of the SA’s leadership, including Röhm. All of the lessons can be taught together, but each covers a topic so can also be picked up separately. 20 Oct 2017 After becoming Chancellor, Hitler and the Nazis set about consolidating their power and wiping out opposition to the Party’s control of Germany. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan carried out the most brutal reshuffle in British political history, better known as the Night of the Long Knives, 50 years ago to … Can be used as as a stand alone lesson but also as part of a wider SOW on Weimar Republic / Nazi Germany (other lessons also available). passed a law retrospectively legalising the Night of the Long Knives. On 2 May 1933 trade unions were abolished and their leaders arrested. However just 18 months later, he declared himself the sole ruler and Führer of Germany. Bitesize; Arts; Taster; Local; Three; Menu; Search. info)), or the Röhm Purge, also called Operation Hummingbird (German: Unternehmen Kolibri), was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934. Fearing that the paramilitary SA had become too powerful, Hitler ordered his elite SS guards to murder the organization’s leaders, including Ernst Rohm as well as hundreds of other perceived opponents. You're all set. Ernst Röhm Having gained political power in the 1933 election, Hitler needed to make sure his position was secure. This neutralised any sources of opposition to Hitler within the army. This meant Hitler now had the power to issue new laws without consulting Parliament.